What Is The Weather Like in Australia?

Life down under doesn’t just mean a new country; it also means new weather and new seasons.  When most of us think of Australia we tend to think of sunshine and surf; but it’s important to bear in mind that Australia is a huge continent with varying weather patterns and diverse climates from tropical regions to deserts.  As well as abundant sunshine, Australia also suffers regularly from droughts, bushfires and cyclones, so being aware of the weather patterns in the different parts of Australia is as important as your decision to emigrate.

The Seasons

As with all countries in the southern hemisphere the seasons are more or less reversed, with Christmas taking place in the height of summer and Easter in autumn.

Although the seasons have the same name as in the UK, the weather during these seasons is very different to that of the northern hemisphere.  Australia is a dry country and summers are generally much hotter than in the UK, with many areas receiving a lot of rain, and others hardly any at all.  Depending on where you are, the seasons in Australia can involve sizzling summers, monsoon rains and bitter winters.

The seasons in Australia are:

  • Summer: December to February
  • Autumn: March to May
  • Winter: June to August
  • Spring: September to November

Australia’s tropical regions

Australia’s tropical regions lie in the north of the country, which include: the central and northern parts of the Northern Territory and Queensland, and the northern parts of Western Australia. In these parts of the tropics, there are two very distinctive seasons, the wet season and the dry season with both lasting around six months.

The wet season takes place in spring/summer (December to March) and can be quite extreme.  Temperatures hover around 30 Degrees Celsius but can get up to a staggering 50 Degrees!  During the wet season this area can receive lots of rain caused by the build-up of humidity, and flooding is a regular occurrence.

The dry season on the other hand is much quieter than the wet, and happens during autumn/winter (May to October). Temperatures are lower and generally more comfortable.

Australia’s Dry Regions

The dry regions are found mostly in central Australia, stretching from most of central and southern Western Australia, through the southern parts of the Northern Territory and most of South Australia, to the far west regions of Queensland and New South Wales, and the north-western parts of Victoria.

The dry and desert regions of Australia are characterised by intense heat during the day and intense cold at night. Temperatures range from around 40 Degrees Celsius in the summer to between 16 and 24 Degrees in the winter. At night the temperature can vary from 19 Degrees Celsius to zero. These areas receive little rainfall and most of central Australia is normally in a state of drought.

Australia’s Temperate Regions

Areas of Australia that experience weather similar to that of the UK are found on the south-eastern coast, reaching south from Tasmania through most of Victoria and New South Wales into the southern parts of Queensland. Temperate regions are also found in the southern most parts of South Australia and the south-western tip of Western Australia.

The weather in temperate Australia is quite changeable, with average temperatures of around 30 Degrees Celsius in the summer, and cool to cold winters with an average temperature of around 15 D

egrees Celsius. The summer frequently extends into periods of heat wave and drought, while the winters are usually cold, wet and windy.

Living With Drought

As Australia is the world’s driest inhabited continent, water is a very precious resource. For every ten years, there are three years during which water supply is bad, and the government enforces water restrictions limiting the amounts of water people can use for domestic use.

Bushfires

Australia’s hot weather also contributes to bushfires and living with bushfire is part of the Australian way of life. Most Australian states and territories have a volunteer country fire service.  Many Australians give up their time to learn how to fight bushfires so that they are ready when the fires occur, and Bushfire prevention is taught to everyone in Australia from a young age.

Cyclones

Cyclones usually happen in Australia between November and April, and mostly take place in the north of the country. The Western Australian and Northern Territory coasts, as well as the Queensland coast, are the most usual places that cyclones occur.

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